Is the Disease Spreading? A Case Study of the American Outlaws
The American Outlaws, a supporter group for the men's and women's National Soccer Teams for the United States, has been scarcely examined in academic literature. This research began to fill this void by analysing articles written about the American Outlaws via a textual analysis. This research uncovered if the American Outlaws were exhibiting behaviours similar to those found in hooligan groups, or firms abroad. Texts that were analysed included members' experiences (current or former, male or female) and reports of the American Outlaws during competitions or group gatherings in various settings. Themes from this analysis included organizational development, passion, non-aggressor violence, beer, and harassment. The implications of these results are discussed in further detail. This article concludes with implications for the American Outlaws organization in its current state, as well as a call for the leadership committee within the American Outlaws to reduce the fraternity atmosphere associated with the organization.
Soccer & Society
Stocz, Mike, and Evan Frederick. “Is the Disease Spreading? A Case Study of the American Outlaws.” Soccer & Society, vol. 20, no. 6, July 2019, pp. 836–847. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip&db=s3h&AN=137542045&site=eds-live&scope=site