Title

Effects of Carbohydrate and Branched Chain Amino Acid Beverage Ingestion During Acute Upper-Body Resistance Exercise on Performance and Post-Exercise Hormone Response.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2018

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the individual and combined effects of ingesting carbohydrates (CHO) and branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) during high-volume upper body resistance exercise (RE) on markers of catabolism and performance. Thirteen resistance-trained males completed 4 experimental trials with supplementation, ingesting beverages containing CHO, BCAA, CHO+BCAA, or placebo (PLA) in a randomized, double-blind design. The beverages were ingested in 118-mL servings 6 times during an ∼60-min RE session consisting of bench press, bent-over row, incline press, and close-grip row. Each RE was performed with 5 sets of repetitions at 65% 1-repetition maximum until volitional fatigue. Blood samples were collected at baseline, immediately post-exercise, and 60 min post-exercise to assess glucose and insulin. Cortisol was assessed immediately and at 60 min post-exercise. No significant performance benefits were observed for any RE. CHO+BCAA (152.4 ± 71.4 ng/mL) resulted in the lowest cortisol levels, which was lower than BCAA and PLA (193.7 ± 88.5, 182.8 ± 67.5 ng/mL, p < 0.05), but not different from CHO (165 ± 76.5 ng/mL, p = 0.342). Postexercise insulin concentrations were significantly higher with CHO (4.79 ± 3.4 mU/L) compared with BCAA and PLA (3.7 ± 2.0, 3.5 ± 1.8 mU/L, p < 0.05), but not different from CHO+BCAA (4.3 ± 2.5 mU/L, p = 0.339). There was no treatment effect for glucose, but glucose significantly increased from baseline to immediately post-exercise and significantly decreased at 60 min post-exercise. Ingesting beverages containing CHO with or without BCAA during upper body resistance exercise may promote a more favorable post-exercise less catabolic environment.

DOI

10.1139/apnm-2017-0563

Publication Title

Effects of Carbohydrate and Branched-Chain Amino Acid Beverage Ingestion During Acute Upper Body Resistance Exercise on Performance and Post-Exercise Hormone Response

First Page

504

Last Page

509

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