5-km Time Trial Reliability of a Non-Motorized Treadmill and Comparison of Physiological and Perceptual Responses Versus a Motorized Treadmill.
This study examined the reliability of running performance across 3 nonmotorized treadmill (NMT) 5-km time trials (TTs) and physiological, gait, and perceptual differences at a 5-km pace for both NMT and motorized treadmills (MTs). Ten male runners experienced in road racing who had never run on an NMT completed 3 TT to establish personal best 5-km pace. In a later session, participants ran at this pace for 5 minutes on the NMT while metabolic, gait, and perceptual measures were recorded and then ran at outdoor 5-km personal best pace on an MT at 1% grade (counter-balanced crossover design). Intraclass correlation (ICC = 0.95) between the TT1 and TT2 was strong but improved between TT2 and TT3 (ICC = 0.99) with considerable reduction in variability. Nonmotorized treadmill resulted in a 24% slower pace (10.6 6 1.5 vs. 13.9 6 2.6 km$h21; p , 0.001), shorter stride length (1.02 6 0.10 vs. 1.27 6 0.18 m; p , 0.001), and decreased cadence (175 6 12 vs. 181 6 13 steps per$minute; p = 0.01). However, V_ O2, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), lactate concentration, and heart rate did not differ between modalities (NMT = 3.4 6 0.4 L$min21, 0.96 6 0.04, 6.9 6 3.7 mmol, 172 6 10 b$min21; MT = 3.4 6 0.5 L$min21, 0.96 6 0.04, 5.7 6 3.4 mmol, 170 6 10 b$min21). rate of perceived exertion (RPE) for legs, breathing, and overall did not differ between treadmill types. A familiarization session should be included for TT using NMT. Other than gait and pace characteristics similar responses were elicited by both treadmills when running at 5-km pace. However, with these considerations, NMT TT of 4-km might be more appropriate in matching MT 5-km TT duration without altering physiological responses significantly.
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Waldman, H., Heatherly, A., Waddell, A., & O'Neal, E.
(2018). 5-km Time Trial Reliability of a Non-Motorized Treadmill and Comparison of Physiological and Perceptual Responses Versus a Motorized Treadmill.. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32 (5), 1455-1461.