Date of Award

Spring 2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Geospatial Science



First Advisor

Dr. Francis Koti

Second Advisor

Dr. Sunhui Sim

Third Advisor

Dr. Mario Mighty


Land use regulation in the United States is common practice. For the last century, following the precedent of the City of New York Zoning Ordinance of 1916 and the US Supreme Court ruling in Village of Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty which legitimized zoning as an appropriate and effective tool for land use regulation, most municipalities have adopted zoning as a tool for regulating land use (Levy, 2012). Municipalities use zoning to preserve the character of communities, protect residences against undesirable land uses, and guard against land use incompatibility; thus, zoning is largely seen as leaving a positive impact on the community as a whole (Sussna, 1961; Shlay and Rossi, 1981; Levy, 2012). However, critics note that there are often unintended consequences of land use management and separating residential areas from commercial and industrial areas: excessive land use separation, dependence on automobiles, separation of peoples, and an uneven distribution of resources, services, and amenities may result (Fischel, 1978; Shlay and Rossi, 1981; Pogodzinski and Sass, 1990; Clingermayer, 1993; Fernandez and Rogerson, 1997; Conley and Dix, 2004).