H4LO: Automation platform for efficient RF fingerprinting using SLAM-derived map and poses

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© 2020 The Institution of Engineering and Technology. One of the main shortcomings of received signal strength-based indoor localisation techniques is the labour and timecost involved in acquiring labelled 'ground-truth' training data. This training data is often obtained through fingerprinting, whichinvolves visiting all prescribed locations to capture sensor observations throughout the environment. In this work, the authorspresent a helmet for localisation optimisation (H4LO): a low-cost robotic system designed to cut down on said labour by utilisingan off-the-shelf light detection and ranging device. This system allows for simultaneous localisation and mapping, providing thehuman user with accurate pose estimation and a corresponding map of the environment. The high-resolution location estimationcan then be used to train a positioning model, where received signal strength data is acquired from a human-worn wearabledevice. The method is evaluated using live measurements, recorded within a residential property. They compare the groundtruthlocation labels generated automatically by the H4LO system with a camera-based fingerprinting technique from previous work.They find that the system remains comparable in performance to the less efficient camera-based method, whilst removing theneed for time-consuming labour associated with registering the user's location.

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IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation

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