Title

A phylogeny of Porella (Porellaceae, Jungermanniopsida) based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-2007

Abstract

The cosmopolitan family Porellaceae includes about 60 species in two or three genera: the large genus Porella and the monospecific Ascidiota and Macvicaria (alternatively Porella subg. Macvicaria). Maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference of phylogeny of a dataset including three markers (rbcL, trnL-trnF region of cp DNA, nrITS region) of 96 accessions resulted in similar topologies supporting the generic status of Ascidiota. Macvicaria is nested in a subclade of Porella. Relationships among species of Porella are in general well resolved and many terminal nodes achieve good statistical support whereas basal relationships are at best moderately supported. Multiple accessions of single species are usually placed in monophyletic lineages. Accessions of P. platyphylla split into a European and a North American clade with one accession from North America embedded within the European samples. The Macaronesian endemic P. inaequalis is closely related to the Asian species P. grandiloba. Porella obtusata and P. canariensis cannot be separated on the basis of the sequence data presented in this study. The molecular topologies indicate a range extension of the Asian P. gracillima subsp. urogea to Eastern North America and of the Neotropical P. swartziana to South Africa. Current supraspecific classifications of Porella are not reflected in the molecular topologies with a correlation between genetic variation and the geographical distribution of the related accessions rather than a correlation between genetic variation and morphology. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution

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